WHAT IS FIP?
Feline Infectious Peritonitis is a devastating viral disease of cats that occurs worldwide and can affect many systems of the body. It is a progressive disease and almost always fatal. FIP affects domestic cats, especially purebred kittens: 70% of FIP cases are in pedigree kittens and cats. It is also a plague in rescue shelters and can be a danger to big cats kept in zoo environments. FIP occurs when the cat mounts an overly inflammatory immune response to feline coronavirus infection.
FELINE INFECTIOUS PERITONITIS (FIP) – AT A GLANCE
What is Feline Infectious Peritonitis?
Feline Infectious Peritonitis (FIP) is the result of an excessive inflammatory response to infection with feline coronavirus (FCoV).
FCoV infection is ubiquitous and extremely common in multi-cat environments.
Only a small percentage (up to 12%) of infected cats develops FIP.
Stress (adoption, neutering, boarding, etc.) is a contributing factor to the development of FIP.
Although cats of any age can develop FIP, it mainly occurs in cats < 2 years old, and pedigree cats seem to be more affected.
FCoV can survive for up to 7 weeks in the environment.
FCoV is a fragile virus easy to inactivate by using cat-friendly detergents and disinfectants (1:32 solution of household bleach in hot water is ideal).
Watch Dr. Addie’s instructional videos to understand how cats become infected with FCoV, and how FCoV becomes FIP.
How cats become infected with FCoV.
Dr. Diane D. Addie
Dr. Diane D. Addie
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