Feline Infectious Peritonitis (FIP): an in-depth look.
Please note: this section is intended for individuals who want to learn more and have a deeper understanding of feline coronavirus and FIP. Basic knowledge of veterinary/scientific terms is needed to fully comprehend this section which was created for information purposes ONLY.
If you are a veterinarian, veterinary student, vet tech or hold any other type of position in the veterinary field, please visit Dr. Diane D. Addie’s website catvirus.com.
If you are a pet parent with a sick cat, please consult a qualified veterinarian IMMEDIATELY.
The authors exclude all liability whatsoever for any loss or damage arising out of the use of this website or reliance upon its content and STRONGLY advises anybody with veterinary-related questions to consult a qualified veterinarian. No responsibility can be accepted.
1. Addie D, Belák S, Boucraut-Baralon C, et al. Feline infectious peritonitis. ABCD guidelines on prevention and management. J Feline Med Surg 2009; 11: 594–604
2. Porter E, Tasker S, Day MJ, Harley R, Kipar A, Siddell SG, Helps CR. 2014 Amino acid changes in the spike protein of feline coronavirus correlate with systemic spread of virus from the intestine and not with feline infectious peritonitis. Vet Res. 45:49.
3. Pedersen NC. An update on feline infectious peritonitis: virology and immunopathogenesis. Vet J. 2014 Aug;201(2):123-32.
4. How cats become infected with feline coronavirus: animation. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=rkqUjeQNEQs
5. Felten S, Leutenegger CM, Balzer H-J, et al. Sensitivity and specificity of a real-time reverse transcriptase polymerase chain reaction detecting feline coronavirus mutations in effusion and serum/plasma of cats to diagnose feline infectious peritonitis. BMC Vet Res 2017; 13: 228.
6. Doenges SJ, Weber K, Dorsch R, et al. Comparison of real-time reverse transcriptase polymerase chain reaction of peripheral blood mononuclear cells, serum and cell-free body cavity effusion for the diagnosis of feline infectious peritonitis. J Feline Med Surg 2017; 19: 344–350.
7. Longstaff L, Porter E, Crossley VJ, et al. Feline coronavirus quantitative reverse transcriptase polymerase chain reaction on effusion samples in cats with and without feline infectious peritonitis. J Feline Med Surg 2017; 19: 240–245.
8. Addie: Diagnosis of FIP. http://www.catvirus.com/WhatIsFIP.htm#Diagnosis%20of%20FIP
9. Diagnosis of FIP. http://www.catvirus.com/WhatIsFIP.htm#Diagnosis%20of%20FIP
10. Riemer F, Kuehner KA, Ritz S, et al. Clinical and laboratory features of cats with feline infectious peritonitis – a retrospective study of 231 confirmed cases (2000–2010). J Feline Med Surg 2016; 18: 348–356.
11. Addie: FIP and Coronavirus. 2013. ISBN 978-1480208971
12. Addie DD, le Poder S, Burr P, et al. Utility of feline coronavirus antibody tests. J Feline Med Surg 2015; 17: 152–162.
13. Pedersen NC, Kim Y, Liu H, Galasiti Kankanamalage AC, Eckstrand C, Groutas WC, Bannasch M, Meadows JM, Chang KO. 2017 Efficacy of a 3C-like protease inhibitor in treating various forms of acquired feline infectious peritonitis. J Feline Med Surg.
14. Addie D.D., Jarrett O. 1992 A study of naturally occurring feline coronavirus infection in kittens. Vet. Rec. 130 133-137
15. Fehr D, Holznagel E, Bolla S, Hauser B., Herrewegh AAPM, Horzinek MC, Lutz H. 1997. Placebo-controlled evaluation of a modified life virus vaccine against feline infectious peritonitis: safety and efficacy under field conditions. Vaccine 15 10 1101-1109
16. Legendre A., Bartges W., Effect of Polyprenyl Immunostimulant on the survival times of three cats with the dry form of feline infectious peritonitis. J Feline Med Surg. 2009
17. Legendre A., et al, Polyprenyl immunostimulant treatment of cats with presumptive non-effusive feline infectious peritonitis in a field study. 103389/fvets.2017.00007
DISCLAIMER: The use of this website is at your own risk. This website is for information purposes ONLY, and it is NOT meant to replace a consultation with a fully qualified veterinary surgeon (veterinarian). It is NOT intended to be used to diagnose or treat any cat. The creators share their personal experiences, recommendations of treatments, foods, medications, supplements, and products for informative and educational purposes exclusively. The information in this site cannot and should not be used as a basis for diagnosis or choice of treatment. Creators and contributors exclude all liability whatsoever for any loss or damage arising out of use of this site or reliance upon its contents. Furthermore, creators and contributors strongly advise all users to always seek the advice of a qualified veterinarian and to obtain professional advice on the correct regimen for your cat and his or her particular situation. NO responsibility can be accepted.