Feline Infectious Peritonitis (FIP): an in-depth look.
Please note: this section is intended for individuals who want to learn more and have a deeper understanding of feline coronavirus and FIP. Basic knowledge of veterinary/scientific terms is needed to fully comprehend this section which was created for information purposes ONLY.
If you are a pet parent with a sick cat, please consult a qualified veterinarian IMMEDIATELY.
The authors exclude all liability whatsoever for any loss or damage arising out of the use of this website or reliance upon its content and STRONGLY advises anybody with veterinary-related questions to consult a qualified veterinarian. No responsibility can be accepted.
Feline coronavirus (FCoV) is a single positive-stranded enveloped RNA virus that is infectious to felids (not contagious to other species) commonly found worldwide and is typically shed in feces by healthy cats and transmitted by the fecal-oral route to other cats, via sharing litter trays and cat litter fomites. The transmission rate is much higher in multiple cat environments especially in those where cats are housed indoors.
Species: Alphacoronavirus 1
Subspecies: Feline Coronavirus (FCoV) – RNA enveloped virus
Fragile virus but resistant in the environment for 3 to 7 weeks when protected by protein (fecal matter)
Susceptible to sodium hypochlorite (common household bleach)
There are two serotypes of FCoV: Serotype I predominates in Europe and North America, while Serotype II predominates in Asia.
Type I FCoV:
Difficult to grow in cell culture
Possibly cell associated
Most prevalent in the field
Type II FCoV:
Arises from a recombination event between type I FCoV and CCoV (canine coronavirus)
Grows in cell culture
Less than 10% of field isolates but most laboratory isolates
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